How to sterilize?
Pet sterilization is the use of human surgery to achieve the purpose of pet infertility. For male cats and dogs, the current method of sterilization in major pet hospitals is to remove the testicles: the scrotum is longitudinally incised, and the testicles and part of the vas deferens are removed. Surgery is less risky and recovery is quicker.
The neutering of female cats and dogs is more complicated, requiring the abdominal cavity to be opened and the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus to be removed. Compared with male cat male dog pills, the operation risk and difficulty are higher.
There are two currently accepted surgical options, tangential and lateral. The tangential surgery is relatively less difficult and less risky, and the cat suffers less pain, but the postoperative wound is relatively large and the recovery time is long. The lateral incision has a small incision and quick recovery. However, the operation is difficult and the risk is high. It is generally applied to stray animals and can be released into the wild as soon as possible. Therefore, if conditions permit, it is recommended to use tangent, although the recovery time is slightly longer, but if you take care of it carefully, it can reduce the pain of pets.
Pet neutering requires general anesthesia. The most commonly used method of anesthesia is injection anesthesia, in which anesthesia is administered intravenously or intramuscularly to achieve anesthesia. With the development of pet medical technology, some pet hospitals can also perform inhalation anesthesia. The anesthesia enters the blood through breathing, and the administration can be interrupted at any time, with higher safety and faster recovery after surgery.
Best time to neuter pets.
Generally, pets around 6 months of age can be sterilized, but each individual develops at a different rate. The specific sterilization time needs to be determined after consulting a doctor according to the pet’s development. Since the estrus period will cause organ congestion and increase the difficulty of the operation, it is not recommended to sterilize the pet during the estrus period.
Preoperative preparation and precautions
1. It is necessary to fast for 12 hours before surgery, and stop drinking water 4 hours before surgery. (The specific hospital requirements are different, and you need to follow the doctor’s guidance.)
2. You cannot take a bath before the wound recovers. It is recommended to bathe and clean the pet in advance.
3. Ensure that the pet is healthy and sterilize the pet after all vaccinations are completed.
4. In order to prevent infection caused by cats and dogs licking and biting wounds, it is necessary to prepare Elizabethan rings or postoperative surgical gowns.
5. After surgery, proper nutrition can be supplemented, but overfeeding should not cause obesity. Obesity can increase your pet’s chances of developing diabetes, so it’s important to control your diet after neutering.